A dental implant is a thing made from Titanium, which is used for restoring teeth for replacing missing teeth. Endosseous implants are those thatappear to be similar to an actual tooth root. In today’s date, all dental implants are placed within the bone and are virtually-root-form. After the implant is placed, the jaw bone osseointegrates with it. Osseointegrationis the process of the implant surface fusing with the surrounding bone. Dental implants don’t possess the periodontal ligament. Hence, in spite of fusing with the bone, compared to normal teeth a different sensation may be experienced.
Prior toendosseous implants,implants were usually of two types, blade endosseous implants or subperiosteal implants. Endosseus implants involves the shape of the metal piece placed within the bone to resemble a flat blade and insubperiostealimplants, a framework was screwed to the exposed bone of the jaws.
A number of dental prostheses, such as crowns, implant-supported bridges or dentures need to be followed up by Dental Implants.Orthodontic tooth movements are providing anchorage by using Dental implants. By using Dental Implants we can get non-directional tooth movement with the assurance that there will be no reciprocal action.
An implant usually consists of a titanium screw having a roughened or smooth surface. This titanium screw is made to look like a tooth root.Most of dental implants are made out of pure titanium. Pure titanium is available in 4 grades classified on the amount ofiron and carbon it contains. Recently grade 5 titanium has come into the picture. Grade 5 titanium, Titanium 6AL-4V, (signifying the Titanium alloy containing 6% Aluminium and 4% Vanadium alloy)has been observed to offer similar osseointegration levels as commercially available pure titanium. Grade 5 titanium alloy offers more resistance to fractureand tensile strength. Implant surfaces are modified bysandblasting, anodizing, plasma spraying, or etching to increase the osseointegration potential and surface area of the implant. Recently it has come to the fore that the chemical modification of the surface of the implant surface by nanoscale roughness manipulation or polyelectrolyte coating, enhance cell promote osseointegration and proliferation and differentiation.
Dental implant success depends on the skill of the operator, the quality and quantity of bone available at the site and also the oral hygiene of the patient. It has been observed that dental implants have a success rate of 75%.
The success of the implant is measured by implant stability. The stability is masured as an ISQ (Implant Stability Quotient) value. In order for the implant to be successful certain other factors are to be taken into consideration. The patient must comply to post-surgical care and must maintain his/her overall health
Dental implants may prevent periodontal diseases. Gaps formed by missing teeth can cause infections and periodontal disease that affect a person’s ability to speak or eat. Any gaps must be filled in order to prevent the adjacent and opposing set of teeth from causing further damage to the mouth or from shifting positions.
Grace has experience of working with dental clinics and specialists in dental. She recommends discussing options for all on 4 sydney in depth before starting any kind of treatment.